Yorkshire Terrier (Eng. Yorkshire terrier), or New York - decorative dog breed, bred in England, Yorkshire in the late XIX century. The history of the breed is still very short. The ancestors of these terriers were Manchester Terrier, Skye Terrier, Maltese, and others. Now York - one of the most popular room decorative dog breeds.
Yorkshire terrier are home to Yorkshire and Lancashire in northern England. Its possible ancestor called uotersaydskogo terrier. This breed was popular in the XVIII-XIX centuries in Yorkshire and was described as "a small, blue-gray dog with a semi-long hair." These dogs were kept peasants, as they were forbidden to start the big dogs, so they do not poach on land belonging to the nobility. Small dogs guarding the house from rodents and accompanied their masters in shopping trips along rivers and canals (hence the name).
Some experts call among the ancestors Yorkies and Maltese lapdogs, although they differ significantly from them: in Maltese hanging ears and white color. It is thought that crossed with Bichon Yorkie to improve the quality of wool, hair structure and get silky. In favor of this theory says that in light Yorkies are often very good quality wool.
At the end of the XVIII century with the beginning of industrialization, many people in search of work moved to the city in the west of the county, and workers also came from Scotland. With them they brought their dogs, which at that time was called "Scottish Terrier" (Eng. Scotch terrier), then among them were identified such as rock Paisley Terrier (Eng.), Klaydesdeyl Terrier, Terrier Cairo (Eng.), Skye Terrier. Probably, these rocks are involved in breeding Yorkshire terrier. Closest to the modern York were Paisley Terrier and klaydesdeyl terrier, who has not been recognized Kennel Club as a separate breed, and over time their breeding was discontinued.
In Manchester, also had its own kind of terriers - Manchester Terrier. Breeders managed to get it with a kind of soft, long and silky hair. All these rocks and became the ancestors of the Yorkshire terrier.
A new breed do weavers working on new factories. They managed to take the dog with long silky hair bluish-steel color with pure golden-brown markings. Yorkie that time had a long body and a larger size than the modern, their usual weight was 6.7 kg. A new breed called "blue-and-tan Yorkshire Terrier shelkovistoshёrstny" quickly gained popularity, displacing other species of small British terriers.
In 1886 the breed was recognized by the Kennel Club and included in the studbook. In 1898, the first club was organized by the Yorkshire Terrier.
On the history of Yorkshire terriers in the first half of the XX century, information is small, since 1946 - rare reports of breeders and exhibitions. In the year to the studbook Kennel Club were made to an average of 250 dogs during the war - 150-200. In 1947, the UK hosted the first post-war exhibition. Last year in the stud book was made 953 York, in 1949 - more than 1,000 in 1960 - 4000.
In 1940 he was placed first Yorkshire Terrier in Germany.
In the United States, where yorkies were back in 1872 and have been made in the stud book of the American Kennel Club in 1878, interest in them has fallen in the 1940s. The revival of interest in the breed is associated with a dog named Smokey, "fight" during World War II. Yorkies popularity grows: in the ranking AKC they took 9th place in 1998, 6th in 2003, and in 2006, 2007 and 2008 - 2nd place, second only to Labrador retriever.
Yorkshire Terrier - one of the smallest breeds of dogs. According to the FCI standard and AKC, York weight must not exceed 3.1 kg minimum weight or height standard is not limited. General view of the so described in the standard: Longhair dog coat hanging quite straight and evenly down each side, a parting extending from nose to tip of tail. Very compact and neat, carriage emphatically proud and important. The overall impression of vigorous and well proportioned body.